Uvodni st.   Systematika    Primates   Pouzita literatura (References)

       Nove druhy primatu v roce 2008

Novy druh byl nalezen v severozapadni Amazonii. V oblasti Pico de Neblina, na  hranici Brazilie a Venezuely. Novy primat nalezi do celedi Pithecidae a rodu Cacajao. Jmeno Cacajao ayresii dostal na pocest brazilskeho biologa Marcio Ayres, prukopnika pruzkumu oblasti na Uacaris. Novou praci uverejni J. P.  Boubli, z university Auckland, a et al.,  v International Journal of Primatology. Jmeno neni zatim platne.

                   Cacajao ayresii

Reference a foto: http://fromzoomy.blogspot.com/2008/01/new-uakari-species-cacajao-ayresii.html.

Oba druhy Cacajao hosomi a ayresii jsou platne. Byli popsany v International Journal of Primatology.

Reference : J. P. Boubli, M. N. F. de Silva, M. V. Amado, T. Hrbek, F. B. Pontual, and I. P. Farias, 2008. A Taxonomic Reassessment of Cacajao melanocephalus Humboldt (1811), with the Description of Two New Species. International Journal of Primatology, 29: 723-741.

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Pruzkum oblasti Masoala National Park, nachazejice na poloostrove Masoala na Madagaskaru, prinesl nova odhaleni. Nasledne molekularni analyzy potvrdily existenci dvou novych druhu. Dostali jmena Avahi mooreorum, podle Gordon a Betty Moore, a Lepilemur scottorum, podle Zuzanne a Walter Scott.

       

      Avahi mooreorum (Foto: E. E. Louis, Jr.)                  Lepilemur scottorum (Foto: E. E. Louis, Jr.)

Reference a foto: R., Lei,  S. E. Engberg, R. Andriantompohavana, S. M. McGuire, R. A. Mittermeier, J. R. Zaonarivelo, R. A. Brenneman, and E. E. Louis, Jr., 2008. Nocturnal Lemur Diversity at Masoala National Park. Special Publications, Museum of Texas Tech University, 53: 1- 41.

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Dalsi novy druh rodu Cacajao z oblasti ohranicene na jihu a zapadu rekou Rio Negro, na vychode ohranicuje Rio Moruaia a kanal Cassiquraie s Rio Orinoko uzavira na severu. Novy uakari dostal jmeno Cacajao hosomi.

            Cacajao hosomi

Reference a foto:http://www.arts.auckland.ac.nz/staff/index.cfm?P=11135).

Reference: J. P. Boubli, M. N. F. de Silva, M. V. Amado, T. Hrbek, F. B. Pontual, and I. P. Farias, 2008.A Taxonomic Reassessment of Cacajao melanocephalus Humboldt (1811), with the Description of Two New Species. International Journal of Primatology, 29: 723-741.

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Studium druhove diverzity na Madagaskaru, v oblasti vychodniho Makira regionu, prineslo nove objevy. Na trech mistech bylo prozkoumano 26 jedincu rodu Microcebus. U kazdeho bylo provedeno 13 morfometrickych mereni a fylogeneticky rozbor. Rozbory odhalily tri druhy v jednom studijnim miste. Krome M. mittermeieri jde o dva nove druhy. V American Journal of Primatology (70:1-14, 2008) mel byt popsan prvni novy druh pod jmenem Microcebus macarthurii. Druhy novy druh mel nasledovat.

         Microcebus macarthurii

Reference: U. Radespiel, G. Olivieri, D. W. Rasolofoson, G. Rakotondratsimba, O. Rakotonirainy, S. Rasoloharijaona, B. Randrianambinina, J. H. Ratsimbazafy, F. Ratelolahy, T. Randriamboavonjy, T. Rasolofỏharivelo, M. Craul, L. Rakotozafy, and R. M. Randrianarison, 2008. Exceptional Diverrsity of Mouse Lemurs (Microcebus spp.) in the Makira Region With the Description of One New Species. American Journal of Primatology, 70: 1033-1046.

Foto : http://www.edgeofexistence.org/edgeblog/?cat=3.

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Molekularni geneticke sekvence, od populace rodu Microcebus ze severni a severozapadni oblasti, od fylogenetickych analyz mitochondrial DNA celeho rodu, prinesly dalsi dva nove druhy. Bylo porovnano 132 jedincu v 15-ti druzich. Tyto dva nove druhy, M. margotmarshae a M. arnholdi, se oddelili od M. sambiranensis a M. tavaratra. M. margotmarshae zije v Antafondro Classified Forest  a M. arnholdi obyva Montagne dAmbre National Park.

                 Microcebus margotmarshae                                               Microcebus arnholdi

               Foto: R. Andriantompohavana                                              Foto: E. E. Louis Jr.

Reference a foto: E. E. Louis, Jr., S. E. Engberg, S. M. McGuire, M. J. McCormick, R. Randriamampionona, J. F. Ranaivoarisoa, C. A. Bailey, R. A. Mittermeier, and R. Lei, 2008. Revision of the Mouse Lemurs, Microcebus (Primates, Lemuriformes), of Northern and Northwestern Madagascar with Description of Two New Species at Montagne ďAmbre National Park and Antafondro Classified Forest. Primate Conservation, 23: 19-38.

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Nove popsany druh nartouna z ostrova Siau (Sulawesi, Indonesie) neni uplne neznamy. Pro roky 2006-8 byl zarazen mezi mezi 25 nejvzacnejsich primatu sveta, s oznacenim jen Tarsius sp. Z drivejsi doby je znama lebka z muzea Dresden B321 s oznacenim Tarsius spectrum sangirensis (Siao). Nova prace od Shekelle et al. mu dala jmeno Tarsius tumpara. Rod Tarsius se tak rozrostl na devet druhu.

                  Tarsius tumpara                       Pro srovnání Tarsius sangirensis

                  Foto: G. Dechan                                 Foto: M. Shekelle.

Reference a foto: M. Shekelle, C. Groves, S. Merker, and J. Supriatna, 2008. Tarsius tumpara: A New Tarsier Species from Siau Island, North Sulawesi. Primate Conservation, 23: 55-64.

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Dalsi novy druh rodu Lepilemur, ktery se oddelil od L. seali. Prvni byl L. scoottorum Lei et al., 2008. V temze dokumentu byl naznacen druhy novy druh jako L. species 2. V dokumentu Ramaromilanto et al., 2009 dostal jmeno L. hollandorum na pocest Dick a Mary Holland. Typova lokalita Mananara-Nord Biosphere Reserve, Toamasina Province, Madagascar.

                   Lepilemur hollandorum

                 Foto: Edward E. Louis, Jr.

Reference a foto: B. Ramaromilanto, R. Lei, S. E. Engberg, S. E. Johnson, B. D. Sitzmann, and E. E. Louis, Jr., 2009. Sportive Lemur Diversity at Mananara-Nord Biosphere Reserve, Madagascar. Museum of Texas Tech University, N. 286, 1-22.

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Jiri Pavlu, e-mail: pavlu.monkey@seznam.cz, posledni aktualizace stranky 15. 5. 2009.