Uvodni st.   Systematika    Primates   Pouzita literatura (References)

Tym odborniku z biologickych ustavu Francie, Madagaskaru, Nemecka, Svycarska a USA predal do tisku  26. 7. 2005 spolecnou praci, ktera se zabyva fylogenetickymi vztahy u 39 haplotypu rodu Lepilemur, porovnanim kompletniho mitochondrialniho genu cytochrome b. A tak na zaklade vysledku oddelili od L. ruficaudatus dva nove druhy L. aeeclis a L. randrianasoli (západni Madagaskar) a  od L. dorsalis novy druh L. sahamalazensis (severozapadni Madagaskar). Tato prace vysla tiskem 23. 2. 2006.

      

Lepilemur aeeclis (Foto: U. Thalmann)                    Lepilemur randrianasoli (Foto: U. Thalmann)      Lepilemur sahamalazensis (Foto: T. Hahn)

Reference a foto: N. Andriaholinirina, et al., 2006. Molecular phylogeny and taxonomic revision of the sportive lemurs (Lepilemur, Primates). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 6:17.

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Od roku 1999 vede Robert Wallace s kolektivem ochranarsky program na uzemi oblasti Madidi, Pilon Lajas a Apolobamba v severozapadni Bolivii. Letos  na okraji Madidi National Park  ve strednim patre dzungle nalezli neznamy druh  titiho. Pravo na jmeno pro  noveho primata nechali vydrazit a vytezek pujde na ochranu oblasti kde titi zije. Dostal  jmeno Golden Palace titi (Golden Palace.com). Vedecke jmeno Callicebus aureipalatii bylo oznameno v roce 2005, ale v platnost vstoupilo 1. 6. 2006, po vyjiti v odbornem tisku.

     

Callicebus aureipalatii

Reference: Wallace, R. B., H. Gomez, A. Felton, and M. Felton, 2006. On a New Species of  Titi Monkey, Genus Callicebus Thomas (Primates, Pitheciidae), from Western Bolivia with Preliminary Notes on Distribution and Abundance. Primate Conservation, 20: 29-39.

Clanky a fotografie: http://www.ncf-india.org

                              : http://www.aza.org/Publications/2005/03/SignificantEfforts.pdf

                              : http://www.wcs.org/international/latinamerica/centralandes/nwbolivia/madidimonkey/madidimonkey_description

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Konecne vysla prace, na zaklade molekularnich a morfologickych poznatku od Louise a kolektivu,  popisujici tri nove druhy rodu Microcebus ve vychodnim Madagaskaru. Jsou to M. jollyae (Kianjavota Fobifa Forest - Lakia Classified Forest), M. mittermeieri (Anjanaharibe -Sud Special Reserve) a M. simmonsi (Betampona Special Reserve - Zahamena National Park - Tampolo Classified Forest).

                       Microcebus jollyae                                    Microcebus mittermeieri                                       Microcebus simmonsi  

Reference: E. E. Louis et al., 2006. Revision of the Mouse Lemurs (Microcebus) of Eastern Madagascar. International Journal of Primatology, 27 (2): 347-389.

Foto: http://www.omahazoo.com/ccr/genetics/lemur/index.asp?page=ccr/genetics/lemur/microcebus.htm

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Dalsim novym druhem je nartoun Tarsius lariang z oblasti Gimpu, Lempelero a Tomua (zapadni cast Central Sulawesi, Indonesia). Jmeno dostal podle povodi reky Lariang. Je to uz osmy nartoun v poradi.

Tarsius lariang (Foto: S. Merker)

Reference a foto: S. Merker and C. P. Growes, 2006. Tarsius lariang: A New Primate Species from Western Central Sulawesi. International Journal of Primatology, 27 (2): 465-485.

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Novy druh malpy dostal vedecke jmeno po farmarske rodine Queiroz, ktera vlastni pudu v chranenem regionu. Oblast se nachazi v Ursina Salgado, stat Pernambuco v Brazilii. Jde o Pernambuco Endemism Center v pobrezni casti Atlantiku severovychodni Brazilie. Na trech lokalitach (13,4, 19,6 a 6 ha) tropickeho pralesa obklopeneho 161 hektary mocalu ziji nevelke skupiny techto malp. Krome ni zije v teto pobrezni oblasti Cebus libidinosus libidinosus a v jizni casti Cebus xanthosternos. Vzhledem k male ohrozene lokalite a maleho poctu populace jde o kriticky ohrozeny druh (CR).

Mesic po vyjiti teto prace vysla jina prace od Oliveira a Langguth revidujici leta nezarazeny taxon Simia flavia Schreber, 1774. O tomto nazvu  se zminuje Cabrera (1958) a Hill (1964) jako o nezarazenem  taxonu v Cebus. Autori De Oliveira a Langguth ho dokladaji jak vyobrazenim z knihy, autor Schreber (1774),  tak i neotypem z muzejnich sbirek Zaradili ho jako Cebus flavius.

Obe prace vysly nezavisle na sobe. Poctiva musejni prace opet slavila uspech. Podivame-li se do referenci prace Mendes Pontes et al. vidime, ze nepatrali vubec v historii. Cabrera (1958) uvadi u nezarazeneho taxonu Simia flavia Schreber, 1774 dve synonyma (Cercopithecua flavus Boddaert, 1788 a  Cebus brissonii Lesson, 1840). A tak Cebus queirozi  Pontes et al., 2006 je  patrne treti synonymum v poradi, ale Simia flavia neni dolozena holotypem a nazev Cebus queirozi, ktery vysel drive nez prace Oliveira a Langguth,  tak podle jednoho z  pravidel MPZN (1999) neni mladsim synonymem. Tento druh byl nalezen na vice lokalitach a tak pocetnost druhu je vetsi nez uvadi Pontes et al. 2006.

 

                 Cebus flavius - queirozi

Reference a foto: A. R. M. Pontes, A. Malta and P. H. Asfora, 2006. A new species of capuchin monkey, genus Cebus Erxleben (Cebidae, Primates): found at the very brink of extinction in the Pernambuco Endemism Centre. Zootaxa, 1200: 1-12.

Reference: M. M. De Oliveira and A. Langguth, 2006. Rediscovery of Marcgrave’s Capuchin Monkey and Designation of a Neotype for Simia flavia Schreber, 1774 (Primates, Cebidae). Boletim Do Museu Nacional, N. S., Rio De Janeiro, h. 523, p. 1-16.

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Microcebus mamiratra Andriantompohavana, Zaonarivelo, Engberg, Randriamampionona, McGuire, Shore, Rakotonomenjanahary, Brenneman et Louis, 2006 je novy lemur z rodiny "mysich lemuru". Byl rozpoznan na zaklade rozboru mtDNA u druhu Microcebus z severozapadniho Madagaskaru. Novy druh zije na ostrove Nosy Be. Velikosti (pr. 60,8g) patri k vetsim druhum v rode.

Reference a foto: R. Andriantompohavana, J. R. Zaonarivelo, S. E. Engberg, R. Randriamampionona, S. M. McGuire, G. D. Shore, R. Rakotonomenjanahary, R. A. Brenneman, and E. E. Louis, Jr, 2006. Mouse Lemurs of Northwestern Madagascar with a Description of a New Species at Lokobe Special Reserve. Museum of Texas Tech University, 259:1-24.

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1. zari vysla ocekavana molekularni a morfologicka analyza rodu Lepilemur. V loni bylo oznameno nalezeni dvou novych druhu, L. seali a L. mitsinjonensis.  V revizni praci  bylo popsano 11 novych druhu. Druh L. seali nybyl platnost, ale nazev L. mitsinjonensis nebyl pouzit, neslo o poruseni priority, protoze oba nazvy nevysly v odbornem tisku a byly doposud neplatne. Novymi druhy tedy jsou: Lepilemur ahmansoni, Lepilemur betsileo, Lepilemur fleuretae, Lepilemur grewcocki, Lepilemur hubbardi, Lepilemur jamesi, Lepilemur milanoii, Lepilemur petteri, Lepilemur seali, Lepilemur tymerlachsoni a Lepilemur wrighti.

D. Zinner (2007) pokladaji L. tymerlachsoni, mittermeieri, sahamazensis a manasamody za sporny taxon.

       L. seali                        L. ahmansoni                          L. betsileo             L. fleuretae          L. grewcocki           L. milanoii

      L. hubbardi          L. jamesi                   L. tymerlachsoni

Reference:

E. E. Louis, Jr., S. E. Enberg, R. Lei, H. Geng, J. A. Sommer, R. Randriamampionona, J. C. Randriamanana, J. R. Zaonarivelo, R. Andriantompohavana, G. Randria, Prosper, B. Ramaromilanto, G. Rakotoarisoa, A. Rooney, and R. A. Brenneman, 2006. Molecular and Morphological Analyses of the Sportive Lemurs (Family Megaladapidae: Genus Lepilemur) Reveals 11 Previously Unrecognized Species. Special Publications, Museum of Texas Tech University, N. 49: 1-47.

D. Zinner, C. Roos, J. Fausser, C. Groves, and Y. Rumpler, 2007. Disputed taxonomy classification of sportive lemurs (Lepilemur) in NW Madagascar. Lemur News, v. 12: 53-56.

Foto: www.omahazoo.com.

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Dalsi novi lemuri nedali na sebe cekat. Prace G. Olivieri et al. v Molekular Phylogenetics and Evolution, zatim ceka na vyjiti v tisku,  uvadi tri nove lemury rodu Microcebus. Jsou to M. bongolavensis, M. danfossi a M. lokobensis. Tato jmena nejsou dosud platna. Dalsi lemur je Lepilemur mittermeieri obyvajici  oblast poloostrova Ampasindava. Uvadi ho C. Rabarivola et al., 2006 v Lemur News. Byl pojmenovan na pocest President of Conservation International  Russell  A. Mittermeier.

Prace Olivieri et al., vysla v r. 2007 v Molekular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 43:309-327. Uvadena vedecka jmena vesla tak v platnost.

               M. bongolavensis                      M. danfossi                            M. lokobensis                              Lepilemur mittermeieri

Reference: C. Raborivola et al., 2006. Cytogenetic and molecular characteristics of a new species of sportive lemur from Northern Madagascar. Lemur News, 11:45-49.

Foto: http://www.hannover.de/data/meldungen/2006/2006-11/Neue_MausMakis.html

http://www.eaza.net/madagascar/EAZANews55_p14_15.pdf

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Na konci roku 2006 vysla revizni prace v rode Avahi, prevazne na molekularni bazi a morfometrii, a prinesla dva nove druhy a tri poddruhy na ostrove Madagaskar.  Prvnim novym  druhem z  je Avahi peyrierasi z provincie Fianarantsoa.  Druhy druh Avahi  meridionalis vykazal v sobe dva poddruhy. A. m. meridionalis z provincie Toliara a A. m. ramanantsoavani z provincie Finarantsoa.

20. cervna 2007 vysla dalsi kompletnejsi revizni prace rodu Avahi. Nejen potvrdila dva popsane druhy, ale povysila A. m. ramanantsoavani na samostatny druh. Navic odhalila z provincie Fianarantsoa, Bemosary Classfied Forest, dalsi novy druh A. betsileo.

 

                         Avahi peyrierasi                                                       A. meridionalis                                     A. ramanantsoavani   

                      A. betsileo

Reference a foto: A. Zaramody et al., 2006. Molecular phylogeny and taxonomic revision of the Eastern Woolly Lemurs (Avahi laniger). Primate Report, 74: 9-24.

                           R. Andriantompohavana et al., 2007. Molecular Phylogeny and Taxonomic Revision Of Woolly Lemurs, Genus Avahi (Primates: Lemuriformes). Special Publications, Museum of Texas Tech  University, 51: 1-59.

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Dalsi dva novi lemuri jsou znami z roku 2003 a 2004 z provincie Mahajanga. Prace, M. Craul a kolektiv, zalozena na morfologicke a molekularni bazi potvrdila opravnenost novych druhu Lepilemur otto a  L. manasamody.

 

 

        

             Lepilemur manasamody                                    Lepilemur  otto

Reference a foto: M. Craul, et al., 2007. Unexpected species diversity of Malagasy primates (Lepilemur spp.) in the same biogeographical zone: a morphological and molecular approach with the description of two new species. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 7:83.

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Novy popsany druh mirikiny neni tak upne novy. Moznost noveho druhu naznacil Torres et al., 1998. Druh byl oddelen od A. brumbacki. Zkoumani jedinci jsou ze zajeti. Puvodni lokalita je nejista,  uvedeno Parque de los Nevados na hranici mezi Quindio a Riseralda v Kolumbii.

            Aotus jorgehernandezi

Reference a foto: T. R. Defler and M. L. Bueno, 2007. Aotus Diversity and the Species problem. Primate Conservation, 22: 49-64. Foto v dokumentu prevzato z Torres et al., 1998.

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Jiri Pavlu, e-mail: pavlu.monkey@seznam.cz, posledni aktualizace stranky 17. 11. 2007.