Uvodni st.   Systematika   Cetacea   Pouzita literatura (References)

 

Taxon            Latin. nazev, autor - C. nazev - A. nazev - IUCN.

Ordo              Cetacea Brisson, 1762 - Kytovci - Whales, Cetaceans - nove Ordo Cetartiodactyla Montgelard, Catzeflis and Douzery, 1997, Cetacea  jako Infraordo

Subordo         Odontoceti Flower, 1864 - ozubeni - Toothed Cetaceans - nove jako Parvordo

Familia            Iniidae Gray, 1846 - inieoviti - South American River Dolphins

Genus            Inia d Orbigny, 1834

Species          Inia boliviensis d Orbigny, 1834 - delfinovec bolivijsky - Bolivian Boto - DD

Species          Inia geoffrensis (de Blainville, 1817) - delfinovec amazonsky - Amazon River Dolphin - EN

Subspecies     I. g. geoffrensis (de Blainville, 1817) - inie amazonska - Amazon Dolphin - EN

                      I. g. humboldtiana Pilleri et Gihr, 1978 - inie orinocka - Orinoco Dolphin - EN - nekde jen jako synonymum.

Species          Inia araguaiaensis Hrbek, Farias, Dutra et da Silva, 2014 - delfinovec araguaiansky - Araguian Boto - NE

Genus            Lipotes Miller, 1918

Species          Lipotes vexillifer Miller, 1918 - delfinovec cinsky - Baiji or Yangtze Dolphin - CR (PE)

Familia           Pontoporiidae Gray, 1870

Genus            Pontoporia Gray, 1846

Species          Pontoporia blainvillei (Gervais et d Orbigny, 1844) - delfinovec laplatsky - Franciscana or La Plata Dolphin - VU

Familia           Platanistidae Gray, 1846 - delfinovci ganga-indussti - South Asian River Dolphins

Genus            Platanista Wagler, 1830

Species          Platanista gangetica (Roxburgh, 1801) - delfinovec jihoasijsky - South Asian  River Dolphin - EN

Subspecies     P. g. gangetica (Roxburgh, 1801) - delfinovec ganzsky - Ganges River Dolphin - EN

                      P. g. minor Owen, 1853 - delfinovec indusky - Indus River Dolphin - EN

Familia           Delphinidae Gray, 1821 - delfinoviti - Marine (Oceanic) Dolphins

Genus            Cephalorhynchus Gray, 1846

Species          Cephalorhynchus commeersonii (Lacepede, 1804) - pliskavice strakata - Commerson s Dolphin - LC

Subspecies     C. c. commeersonii (Lacepede, 1804) - Falklands and South American D. D. - EN

                      C. c. kerguelenensis Robineau, Goodall, Pichler et Baker, 2007 - NE

Species          Cephalorhynchus eutropia Gray, 1846 - pliskavice chilska - Chilean Dolphin - NT

Species          Cephalorhynchus heavisidii (Gray, 1828) - pliskavice kapska - Heaviside s Dolphin - NT

Species          Cephalorhynchus hectori (Van Beneden, 1881) - pliskavice novozelandska - Hector s Dolphin - EN

Subspecies    C. h.  hectori (Van Beneden, 1881)

                     C. h. maui Baker, Smith et Pichler, 2002

Genus            Delphinus Linnaeus, 1758

Species          Delphinus delphis Linnaeus, 1758 - delfin obecny - Short-beaked Common Dolphin - LC - syn. capensis Gray, 1828

Subspecies    D. d. bairdii Dall, 1973 

                     D. d. delphis Linnaeus, 1758

                      D. d. ponticus Barabasch-Nikiforov, 1935

                       D. d. tropicalis van Bree, 1971

Species          Delphinus tropicalis (van Bree, 1971) - delfin indopacificky - Indo-Pacific Common Dolphin - nekteri uvadeji jako subspecies druhu D. delphinus

Genus            Feresa Gray, 1870

Species          Feresa attenuata Gray, 1875 - fereza mala - Pygmy Killer Whale - LC

Genus            Globicephala Lesson, 1828

Species          Globicephala macrorhynchus Gray, 1846 - kulohlavec Siebolduv - Short-finned Pilot Whale - LC

Species          Globicephala melas (Traill, 1809) - kulohlavec cerny - Long-finned Pilot Whale - LC

Subspecies     G. m. edwardii (A. Smith, 1834) - Southern Hemisphere L. P.W. - EN

                      G. m. melas (Traill, 1809) - North Atlantic L.P.W. - EN

Genus            Grampus Gray, 1828

Species          Grampus griseus (G. Cuvier, 1812) - pliskavice seda - Risso s Dolphin or Grampus - LC

Genus            Lagenodelphis Fraser, 1956

Species          Lagenodelphis hosei Fraser, 1956 - pliskavice saravacka - Fraser s Dolphin - LC

Genus            Lagenorhynchus Gray, 1846

Species          Lagenorhynchus albirostris (Gray, 1846) - pliskavice belonosa - White-beaked Dolphin - LC

                      Uvadena pliskavice falklandska  Lagenorhynchus thicolea Gray, 1846, napriklad Ridgway (1972) a  Mazak (1987), je patrne synonymum  v Lissodelphis (Mead and Brownell, in Wilson, 1993 a 2005). Gray ji popsal podle nalezu, udajne od Falklandskych ostrovu, dolozeneho jedinou lebkou. A zaradil nalez predbezne do Lagenorhynchus .Od te doby se uvadela i v rode Electra Gray, 1866. Vetsina dnesnich autoru ji neuvadi.

Genus             Leucopieurus Gray, 1866

Species           Leucopieurus acutus (Gray, 1828) - pliskavice beloboka - Atlantic White-sided Dolphin - LC - drive uvadena v rode Lagenorhynchus, ale podle mitochondrialniho DNA  May-Collado and Agnarsson (2006) zaradili jako incertae sedis v Delphinidae.

Genus             Lissodelphis Gloger, 1841

Species          Lissodelphis borealis (Peale, 1848) - delfinec velrybovity - Northern Right Whale Dolphin - LC

Species          Lissodelphis peronii (Lacepede, 1804) - delfinec Peronuv - Southern Right Whale Dolphin - LC

Genus            Orcaella Gray, 1866

Species          Orcaella brevirostris (Gray, 1866) - orcela tuponosa - Irrawaddy Dolphin - EN

Species          Orcaella heinsohni Beasley, Robertson et Arnold, 2005 - orcela tupoploutva - Australian Snubfin Dolphin - VU

Genus            Orcinus Fitzinger, 1860

Species          Orcinus orca (Linnaeus, 1758) - kosatka drava - Killer Whale or Orca - DD

Genus            Peponocephala Nishiwaki et Norris, 1966

Species          Peponocephala electra (Gray, 1846) - elektra tmava - Melon-headed Whale.- LC

Genus            Pseudorca Reinhardt, 1862

Species          Pseudorca crassidens (Owen, 1846) - kosatka cerna - False Killer Whale - NT

Genus            Sagmatias Cope, 1866 - drive uvaden v Lagenorhynchus, oddelil LeDuc et al. (1999) a LeDuc (2002), podle prace May-Collado and Agnarsson (2006) je rod Lagenorhynchus v drivejsi podobe neudrzitelny.

Species          Sagmatias australis (Peale, 1848) - pliskavice jizni - Peale s Dolphin - LC - ale podle mitochondrialniho DNA  May-Collado and Agnarsson (2006) zaradili blize k Cephalorhynchus

Species          Sagmatias cruciger (Quoy et Gaimard, 1824) - pliskavice pestra - Hourglass Dolphin - LC - ale podle mitochondrialniho DNA  May-Collado and Agnarsson (2006) zaradili blize k Cephalorhynchus

Species          Sagmatias obliquidens Gill, 1865 - pliskavice plochocela - Pacific White-sided Dolphin - LC

Species          Sagmatias obscurus.(Gray, 1828) - pliskavice tmava - Dusky Dolphin - DD

Subspecies     S. o. fitzroyi (Waterhouse, 1838) - Falklands and South American D. D. - EN

                      S. o. obscurus (Gray, 1828) - South African and Indian Ocean D. D. - EN

                      S. o. superciliosus (Lesson et Gamot, 1826) - New Zealand Dusky Dolphin - EN

Genus            Sotalia Gray, 1866

Species          Sotalia fluviatilis (Gervais et Deville, 1853) - delfin vnitrozemni, delfin brazilsky - Tucuxi - DD

Species          Sotalia guianensis (P. J. van Beneden, 1864) - delfin primorsky - Costero, Freshwater Tucuxi - NT - nekteri uvadeji jen jako subspecies druhu S. fluviatilis

Genus            Sousa Gray, 1866

Species          Sousa chinensis (Osbeck, 1765) - delfin indocinsky - Pacific Humpback Dolphin - VU

Species          Sousa plumbea (G. cuvier, 1829) - delfin indopacificky  Indian Humpback Dolphin - EN - drive jako sebspecies S. c. plumbea

Species          Sousa sahulensis Jefferson et Rosenbaun, 2014 - delfin australsky - Australian Humpback Dolphin - VU

Species          Sousa teuszii (Kukenthal, 1892) - delfin kamerunsky - Atlantic Humpback Dolphin - CR

Genus            Stenella Gray, 1866

Species          Stenella attenuata (Gray, 1846) - delfin mexicky - Pantropical Spotted Dolphin - LC

Subspecies     S. a. attenuata (Gray, 1846) - Eastern Pacific Offshore S. D.

                      S. a. graffmani (Lonnberg, 1934) - Eastern Pacific Coastal S. D.

Species          Stenella clymene (Gray, 1846) - delfin Clymene - Clymene Dolphin - LC - uvadene jmeno delfin Grayuv, pouziti jmena autora popisu je nevhodne

Species          Stenella coeruleoalba (Meyen, 1833) - delfin pruhovany - Striped Dolphin - LC

Species          Stenella frontalis (G. Cuvier, 1829) - delfin kapverdsky - Atlantic Spotted Dolphin - LC

Species          Stenella longirostris (Gray, 1828) - delfin dlouholeby - Spinner Dolphin - LC

Subspecies     S. l. centroamericana Perin, 1990 - Costa Rican or Central American S. D. - EN

                      S. l. longirostris (Gray, 1828) - Gray s Spinner Dolphin - EN

                      S. l. orientalis Perin, 1990 - Eastern Spinner Dolphin - EN

                      S. l. roseiventris (Wagner, 1846) - Dwarf Spinner Dolphin

Genus            Steno Gray, 1846

Species          Steno bredanensis (Lesson, 1828) - delfin drsnozuby - Rough-toothed Dolphin - LC

Genus            Tursiops Gervais, 1855

Species          Tursiops aduncus Ehrenberg, 1832 - delfin indopacificky - Indo-Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin - DD

Species          Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821) - delfin skakavy - Common Bottlenose Dolphin - DD

Subspecies     T. t. gephyreus Lahille, 1908

                      T. t. ponticus Barabasch-Nikiforov, 1935

                      T. t. truncatus (Montagu, 1821)

                      Neprijaty druh Tursiops australis Charlton-Robb et al. 2011 je zalozen na spornych zakladech. Vzorky srovnavany jen v Tursiops, srovnani externi morfologie jen s T. truncatus. Molekularni odlouceni druhu nizke. Je treba praci rozsirit a dopracovat. Proto neni uveden v "Committee on Taxonomy. 2014. List of marine mammal species and subspecies."

Familia           Monodontidae Gray, 1821 - narvaloviti - Monodontids

Genus            Delphinapterus Lacepede, 1804

Species          Delphinapterus leucas (Pallas, 1776) - beluha - Beluga or White Whale - LC

Genus            Monodon Linnaeus, 1758

Species          Monodon monoceros Linnaeus, 1758 - narval  Narwhal - LC

Familia           Phocoenidae Gray, 1825 - svinuchoviti - Porpoises

Genus            Neophocaena Palmer, 1899

Species          Neophocaena phocaenoides (G. Cuvier, 1829) - svinucha hladkohrbeta - Indo-Pacific Finless Porpoise - VU

Species          Neophocaena asiaeorientalis (Pilleri et Gihr, 1972) - svinucha bezploutva - Yangtze Finless Porpoise - EN

Species          Neophocaena sunameri Pilleri et Gihr, 1975 - svinucha vychodoasijska - East Asian Finless Porpoise - EN - drive jako ssp.v asiaeorientalis

Genus            Phocoena G. Cuvier, 1817;

Species          Phocoena dioptrica (Lahille, 1912) - svinucha jizni - Spectacled Porpoise - LC

Species          Phocoena phocoena (Linnaeus, 1758) - svinucha obecna - Harbor Porpoise - LC

Subspecies     P. p. phocoena (Linnaeus, 1758) - North Atlantic Harbor Porpoise - EN

                      P. p. relicta Abel, 1905 - Black Sea Harbor Porpoise

                      P. p. vomerina Gill, 1865 - North Pacific Harbor Porpoise - EN

Species          Phocoena sinus Norris et McFarland, 1958 - svinucha kalifornska - Vaquita, Gulf of California Porpoise - CR

Species          Phocoena spinipinnis Burmeister, 1865 - svinucha cerna - Burmeister s Porpoise - NT

Genus            Phocoenoides Andrews, 1911

Species          Phocoenoides dalli (True, 1885) - svinucha beloploutva - Dall s Porpoise - LC

Subspecies     P. d. dalli (True, 1885) ) - Dalli-phase Dall s Porpoise

                      P. d. truei (Andrews, 1911) - Truei-phase Dall s Porpoise

Familia           Kogiidae Miller, 1923 - kogioviti - Diminutive Sperm Whales

Genus            Kogia Gray, 1846

Species          Kogia breviceps (de Blainville, 1838) - kogia tuponosa - Pygmy Sperm Whale - LC

Species          Kogia sima (Owen, 1866) - kogie mala - Dwarf Sperm Whale - LC

Familia           Physeteridae.Gray, 1821 - vorvanoviti - Sperm Whale

Genus            Physeter Linnaeus, 1758

Species          Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758 - vorvan tuponosy - Sperm Whale - VU - syn. P. macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758; P. microcops Linnaeus, 1758 a P. tursio Linnaeus, 1758.

                     Jmeno P. catodon se prestalo pouzivat ve vetsine odborne literature, nahradilo ho lectotyp P. macrocephalus. Pritom nejde o potlacene jmeno (suppressed name), spis replacement name.Vezmemeli knihu Linnaeus, 1758,  Syst. nat., ed. 10, na strance 76 jsou uvedeny pod por. cisly  druhy rodu Physeter: 1. Catodon - severni ocean (na 22 radku); 2. macrocephalus - evropsky ocean (na 28 radku); 3. microcops - severni ocean (na 38 radku); na str. 77. 4. Tursio - severni ocean (na 6 radku). Z toho plyne, ze P. catoton je platne vedecke jmeno (valid name) podle c. 23 (a) a ostatni jsou synonyma.

Familia           Ziphiidae Gray, 1865 – vorvanovcoviti - Beaked Whales

Genus            Berardius Duvernoy, 1851

Species          Berardius arnuxii Duvernoy, 1851 - vorvanovec Arnuxuv - Arnoux s Beaked Whale - DD

Species          Berardius bairdii Stejneger, 1833 - vorvanovec velky - Baird s Beaked Whale - DD

Species          Berardius minimus Yamada, Kitamura, Abe, Tajima, Matsuda, Mead et Matsuishi, 2019 - vorvanovec cerny, vorvanovec kurotsuchi - Least Beaked Whale - EN

Genus            Hyperoodon Lacepede, 1804

Species          Hyperoodon ampullatus (Forster, 1770) - vorvanovec anarnak - Northern Bottlenose Whale - DD

Species          Hyperoodon planifrons Flower, 1882 - vorvanovec plochocely - Southern Bottlenose Whale - LC

Genus            Indopacetus Moore, 1968

Species          Indopacetus pacificus (Longman, 1926) - vorvanovec indopacificky - Indo-Pacific Beaked Whale - DD

Genus            Mesoplodon Gervais, 1850

Species          Mesoplodon bidens (Sowerby, 1804) - vorvanovec severomorsky - Sowerby s Beaked Whale - DD

Species          Mesoplodon bowdoini Andrews, 1908 - vorvanovec australsky- Andrews Beaked Whale - DD

Species          Mesoplodon carlhubbsi Moore, 1863 - vorvanovec kalifornsky - Hubbs  Beaked Whale - DD

Species          Mesoplodon densirostris (de Blainville, 1817) - vorvanovec tropicky - Blainville s Beaked Whale - DD

Species          Mesoplodon europaeus (Gervais, 1855) - vorvanovec atlanticky - Gervais  Beaked Whale - DD

Species          Mesoplodon ginkgodens Nishiwaki et Kamiya, 1958 - vorvanovec japonsky - Ginkgo-toothed Beaked Whale - DD

Species          Mesoplodon grayi Von Haast, 1876 - vorvanovec maly - Gray s Beaked Whale - DD

Species          Mesoplodon hectori (Gray, 1871) - vorvanovec jizni - Hector s Beaked Whale - DD

Species          Mesoplodon hotaula Deraniyagala, 1963 - vorvanovec rovnikovy - Deraniyagala s Beaked Whale - DD

Species          Mesoplodon layardii (Gray, 1865) - vorvanovec Layarduv - Layard s Beaked Whale - DD

Species          Mesoplodon mirus True, 1913 - vorvanovec tmavy - True s Beaked Whale - DD

Species          Mesoplodon perrini Dalebout, Mead, Baker, Baker et  van Heldene, 2002 - vorvanovec Perrinuv - Perrin s Beaked Whale - DD

Species          Mesoplodon peruvianus Reyes, Mead et Van Waerebeek, 1991 - vorvanovec pacificky - Pygmy Beaked Whale - DD

Species          Mesoplodon stejnegeri True, 1885 - vorvanovec Stejnegeruv - Stejneger s Beaked Whale - DD

Species          Mesoplodon traversii (Gray, 1874) - vorvanovec novozelandsky - Spade-toothed Whale - DD

Genus            Tasmacetus Oliver, 1937

Species          Tasmacetus shepherdi Oliver, 1937 - vorvanovec Shepherduv - Tasman or Shepherd s Beaked Whale - DD

Genus            Ziphius G. Cuvier, 1823

Species          Ziphius cavirostris G. Cuvier, 1823 - vorvanovec zobaty - Cuvier s Beaked Whale - LC

 

 

                      Jiri Pavlu, e-mail: pavlu.monkey@seznam.cz, posledni aktualizace stranky 21. 11. 2020.