Uvodnist.   Systematika   Carnivora

 

 

Taxon              Latin. nazev, autor - C. nazev - A. nazev - IUCN

Ordo               Carnivora Bowdich, 1821

Subordo          Feliformia Kretzoi, 1945

Familia            Felidae G. Fischer, 1817 - kockoviti - Cats - revidovano podle Kitchener et al.(2017), Nascimento and Feijo (2017) a Nascimento, Cheng and Feijo (2021)

Subfamilia       Felinae G. Fischer, 1817 - male kocky            

Genus             Acinonyx Brookes, 1828 - gepardi - drive v Acinonychinae Pocock, 1917, ale Bininda-Emonds et al., 1994 jako Felinae

Species           Acinonyx jubatus (Schreber, 1775) - gepard - Cheetah - VU

Subspecies     A. j. hecki Hilzheimer, 1913 - gepard saharsky - Saharan Cheetah

                      A. j. jubatus (Schreber, 1775) - gepard kapsky - South and East African Cheetah - VU - syn. fearsoni (A. Smith,1834)

                      A. j. soemmeringii Fitzinger, 1855 - gepard sudansky - Sudan Cheetah

                      A. j. venaticus (Griffith, 1821) - gepard asijsky - Asiatic Cheetah - CR    

Genus            Caracal Gray, 1843

Species          Caracal aurata (Temminck, 1824) - kocka zlata - African golden Cat - VU - drive v Profelis Severtzov, 1858

Subspecies     C. a. aurata (Temminck, 1824) - syn.  cottoni (Lydekker, 1907)

                      C. a. celidogaster Temminck, 1827

Species          Caracal caracal (Schreber, 1776) - karakal - Caracal

Subspecies     C. c. caracal (Schreber, 1776) - syn. drive ssp. damarensis Roberts, 1926, limpopoensisRobrrts, 1926,

                      C. c. nubicus Fischer, 1829 - syn. drive ssp. algira (Wagner, 1841), lucani Rochebrune, 1885 a poecilotis Thomas er Hinton, 1921

                      C. c. schmitzi (Matschie, 1912) michaelis Heptner, 1945

Genus            Catopuma Severtzov, 1858

Species          Catopuma badia (Gray, 1874) kocka bornejska - Bay Cat - EN

Species          Catopuma temminckii (Vigors et Horsfield, 1827) - kocka Temminckova - Asiatic Golden Cat - NT

Subspecies     C. t. moormensis Sclater, 1898 - syn. dominicanorum Sclater, 1898 a tristis Milne-Edwards, 1872

                      C. t. temminckii (Vigors et Horsfield, 1827)

Genus            Felis Linnaeus, 1758

Species          Felis bieti Milne-Edwards, 1892 - kocka seda - Chinese Mountain Cat, Chinese Desert Cat - VU

Species          Felis chaus Schreber, 1777 - kocka bazinna - Jungle Cat - LC

Subspecies     F. c. affinis Gray, 1830 - syn. drive ssp. kelaarti Pocock, 1939 a kutas Pearson, 1832.

                      F. c. chaus Schreber, 1777 - syn. drive ssp. furax de Winton, 1898  maimanah Zukowsky, 1915 a nilotica de Winton, 1898.

                      F. c. fulvidina Thomas, 1928

Species          Felis  lybica Forster, 1780 - kocka plava - Asian Wildcat - NE - zah. haussa Thomas et Hinton, 1921 - drive jako F. silvestris lybica

Subspecies     F. l. cafra Desmarest, 1822 - syn. drive ssp. griselda Thomas, 1926

                      F. l. lybica Forster, 1780 - syn. drive ssp.  foxi Pocock, 1944, gordoni Harrison, 1968, jordansi Schwarz, 1930, mellandi Schwann, 1904, ocreata Gmelin, 1791,  reyi Lavauden, 1929, sarda Lataste, 1885,  tristrami Pocock, 1944 a ugandae Schwann, 1904.

                      F. l.  ornata Gray, 1830 - syn. drive ssp. iraki Cheesman, 1920, nesterovi Birula, 1916 a  caudata Gray, 1874.       

Species          Felis margarita Loche, 1858 - kocka poustni - Sand Cat - LC

Subspecies     F. m. margarita Loche, 1858 - syn. drive ssp.airensis Pocock, 1951 a  meinertzhageni Pocock, 1938

                      F. m. thinobia Ognev, 1927 - syn. drive ssp.  harrisoni Hemmer, Grubb et Groves, 1976, scheffeli Hemmer, 1974.

Species          Felis nigripes Burchell, 1824 - kocka cernonoha - Black-footed Cat - VU -  - syn. drive ssp.  thomasi Shortridge, 1931.

Species          Felis silvestris Schreber, 1775 - kočka divoka - Wildcat

Subspecies     F. s. caucasica Satunin, 1905

                      F. s. silvestris Schreber, 1775 - kocka evropska - European Wildcat - syn. drive ssp. grampia Miller, 1907 - kocka skotska - VU

Genus            Herpailurus Severtzov, 1858

Species          Herpailurus  yaguarondi (Lacepede, 1809) - jaguarundi - Jaguarundi - LC - syn. drive ssp. ameghinoi (Holmberg, 1898),  cacomitli (Berlandier, 1859), eyra Fischer, 1814, fossata (Mearns, 1901), melantho (Thomas, 1914), panamensis (J. A. Allen, 1904) a  tolteca (Thomas, 1898).

Genus            Leopardus Gray, 1842 - revidoval Nascimento and Feijo (2017) a Nascimento, Cheng and Feijo (2021)

Species          Leopardus braccatus (Cope, 1889) - kocka pantanalska -  Pantanal Cat, Brazilian Colocolo - NE - drive v Lynchailurus Severtzov, 1858

Species          Leopardus colocolo (Molina, 1782) -  kocka colocolo - Colocolo - NT - drive v Oncifelis Severtzov, 1858

Species          Leopardus emiliae O. Thomas, 1914 - kocka Emiliina - Eastern Oncilla - NE

Species          Leopardus garleppi Matschie, 1912 - kocka Garleppova - Northern Colocolo - NE - syn. drive sspbudini (Pocock, 1941), crespoi (Cabrera, 1957), steinbachi (Pocock, 1941), syn. wolffsohni (Garcia-Perea, 1994)                 

Species          Leopardus geoffroyi (d Orbigny et Gervais, 1844) - kocka slanistni - Geoffroy s Cat - LC - drive v Oncifelis Severtzov, 1858 - syn drive ssp. euxanthus (Pocock, 1940),  paraguae (Pocock, 1940) a salinarum (Thomas, 1903).             

Species          Leopardus guigna (Molina, 1782) - kocka tmava - Kodkod - VU - dříve v Oncifelis Severtzov, 1858

Subspecies     L. g. guigna (Molina, 1782)

                      L. g. tigrillo (Schinz, 1844)

Species          Leopardus  guttulus (Hensel, 1872) - kocka tirika - Southern Oncilla - NE - drive poddruh L. tigrinus, jako species Trigo et al., 2013

Species          Leopardus jacobita (Cornalia, 1865) - kocka horska - Andean Mountain Cat - EN - drive v Oreailurus Cabrera, 1940

Species          Leopardus munoai Ximenez, 1961 - kocka Munoaova - Munoa s Colocolo - NE

Species          Leopardus pajeros (Desmarest, 1816) - kocka pampova - Pampas Cat, Southern Colocolo - NE - drive v Oncifelis Severtzov, 1858

Species          Leopardus pardalis (Linnaeus, 1758) - ocelot velky - Ocelot - LC

Subspecies     L. p. mitis (F. Cuvier, 1820) - syn. drive ssp. aequatorialis (Mearns, 1902), melanurus (Ball, 1844), pusaeus (Thomas, 1914) a  steinbachi (Pocock, 1941).

                      L. p. pardalis (Linnaeus, 1758) - syn. drive ssp. albescens (Pucheran, 1855), pseudopardalis (Boitard, 1842) a sonoriensis (Goldman, 1925).

Species          Leopardus tigrinus (Schreber, 1775) - ocelot stromovy - Northern Oncilla - VU - syn. drive ssp. pardinoides (Gray, 1867) - revidoval Nascimento and Feijo (2017)

Subspecies     L. t. oncilla (Thomas, 1903)

                      L. t. tigrinus (Schreber, 1775)

Species          Leopardus wiedii (Schinz, 1821) - ocelot margay - Margay - NT

Subspecies     L. w. glauculus (Thomas, 1903) - syn. drive ssp. cooperi (Goldman, 1943), nicaraguae (J. A. Allen, 1916), oaxacensis (Nelson er Goldman, 1931), pirrensis (Goldman, 1914), salvinia Pocock, 1941 a yucatanicus (Nelson et Goldman, 1931).

                      L. w. vigens (Thomas, 1904) - syn. drive ssp. amazonicus (Cabrera, 1917)

                      L. w. wiedii (Schinz, 1821) - syn. drive ssp. boliviae (Pocock, 1941),

Genus            Leptailurus Severtzov, 1858

Species          Leptailurus serval (Schreber, 1776) - serval - Serval - LC

Subspecies     L. s. constantinus (Forster, 1780) - syn. drive ssp. brachyurus (Wagner, 1841), faradjicus J. A. Allen, 1924, pococki (Cabrera, 1910) a togoensis (Matschie, 1893).

                      L. s. lipostictus Pocock, 1907 - syn. drive ssp. ferrarii (de Beaux, 1924), hindei Wroughton, 1910, kivuensis (Lönnberg, 1919), pantastictus (Pocock, 1907), phillipsi Allen, 1914 a tanae Pocock, 1944.

                      L. s. serval (Schreber, 1776) - syn. drive ssp. beirae (Wroughton, 1910), hamiltoni Roberts, 1931, kempi (Wroughton, 1910), lonnbergi (Cabrera, 1910),  mababiensis Roberts, 1932 a  robertsi Ellerman, Morrison-Scott et Hayman,1953

Genus            Lynx Kerr, 1792

Species          Lynx canadensis Kerr, 1792 - rys kanadsky - Canadian Lynx - LC - syn. drive ssp. subsolanus Bangs, 1897

Species          Lynx lynx (Linnaeus, 1758) - rys ostrovid - Eurasian Lynx - NT

Subspecies     L. l. balcanicus Bures, 1941 - rys ostrovid balkansky - Balkan Lynx

                      L. l. carpathicus Kratochvil et Stollman, 1963 - rys ostrovid karpatsky - Carpathian Lynx

                      L. l. dinniki Satunin, 1915 - rys ostrovid kavkasky - Caucasian Lynx

                      L. l. isabellinus (Blyth, 1847) - rys ostrovid altajsky - Central Asian Lynx

                      L. l. lynx (Linnaeus, 1758) - rys ostrovid evropsky - Northern Lynx

                      L. l. wrangeli Ognev, 1928 - rys ostrovid sibirsky - Siberian Lynx - syn. drive ssp. kozlovi Fetisov, 1950, neglectus Stroganov, 1962 a  stroganovi (Geptner, 1969).

Species          Lynx pardinus (Temminck, 1827) - rys pardalovy - Iberian Lynx - EN

Species          Lynx rufus (Schreber, 1777) - rys cerveny - Bobcat - LC

Subspecies     L. r. escuinapae J. A. Allen, 1903

                      L. r. fasciatus Rafinesque, 1817 - syn. drive ssp. baileyi Merriam, 1890, californicus Mearns, 1897, pallescens Merriam, 1899,  peninsularis Thomas, 1898 a texensis J. A. Allen, 189     

                      L. r. oaxacensis Goodwin, 196          

                      L. r. rufus (Schreber, 1777) - syn. drive ssp. gigas Bangs, 1897, floridanus Rafinesque, 1817, superiorensis Peterson et Downing, 1952.

Genus            Otocolobus Brandt, 1842

Species          Otocolobus  manul (Pallas, 1776) - manul - Pallas s Cat, Manul - LC

Subspecies     O. m. manul (Pallas, 1776) - syn. drive ssp. ferrugineus Ognev, 1928

                      O. m. nigripectus Hodgson, 1842

Genus            Pardofelis Severtzov, 1858 - Bininda-Emonds et al., (1999) zarazeni v Pantherinae

Species          Pardofelis marmorata Martin, 1837 - kocka mramorovana - Marbled Cat - NT

Subspecies     P. m. charltoni Gray, 1846

                      P. m. marmorata Martin, 1837

Genus            Prionailurus Severtzov, 1858

Species          Prionailurus bengalensis (Kerr, 1792) - kocka bengalska - Common Leopard Cat - LC - rev. Patel et al. (2017)

Subspecies     P. b. bengalensis (Kerr, 1792) - syn drive ssp. alleni Sody, 1949, chinensis (Gray, 1837), horsfieldi (Gray, 1842 a  trevelyani Pocock, 1939.

                      P. b. euptilurus Elliot, 1871 - syn drive ssp.  iriomotensis Imaizumi, 1967 -  kocka iriomotska - Iriomote Cat - EN - jako ssp. Masuda and Yoshida (1995).

Species          Prionailurus javanensis (Desmarest, 1816) - kocka - Sundaic Leopard Cat - NE

Subspecies     P. j. javanensis (Desmarest, 1816)

                      P. j. sumatranus (Horsfield, 1821) - syn drive ssp.borneoensis Brongersma, 1935, heaneyi Groves, 1997 a  rabori Groves, 1997.

Species          Prionailurus planiceps (Vigors et Horsfield, 1827) - kocka plochocela - Flat-headed Cat - EN

Species          Prionailurus rubiginosus (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1831) - kocka cejlonska - Rusty-spotted Cat - NT

Subspecies     P. r. koladivinus Deraniyagala, 1956

                      P. r. phillipsi Pocock, 1939

                      P. r. rubiginosus (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1831)

Species          Prionailurus viverrinus (Bennett, 1833) - kocka rybarska- Fishing Cat - VU

Subspecies     P. v. rizophoreus Sody, 1936

                      P. v. viverrinus (Bennett, 1833)

Genus            Puma Jarrdine, 1834

Species          Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) - puma - Puma - LC

Subspecies     P. c. concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) - puma jihoamericka - South American Puma - syn. drive ssp. anthonyi Nelson et Goldman, 1931, cabrerae Pocock, 1940 , puma (Molina, 1782).

                      P. c. couguar (Kerr, 1792)  - puma severoamericka -  North American Puma - syn. drive ssp. costaricensis (Merriam, 1901)

Subfamilia      Pantherinae Pocock, 1917 - velke kocky

Genus            Neofelis Gray, 1867

Species          Neofelis diardi (Cuvier, 1823) - kocka indoneska, kocka Diardiova - Diardi s Clouded Leopard - VU

Subspecies     N. d. borneensis Wilting et al., 2011

                      N. d. diardi (Cuvier, 1823)

Species          Neofelis nebulosa (Griffith, 1821) - kocka mramorovana - Indocinese Clouded Leopard - VU

                      Synonyma, drive ssp.: brachyura (Swinhoe, 1862) - EX ?

                                                        macrosceloides (Hodgson, 1853)

Genus            Panthera Oken, 1816

Species          Panthera leo (Linnaeus, 1758) - lev - Lion - VU

Subspecies     P. l. leo (Linnaeus, 1758) - lev africkoasijsky, lev berbersky - Barbary Lion - VU (EX jako P. l. leo)

                      Synonyma, drive ssp.: populace asijska - persica (Meyer, 1826) - lev persky - Asian Lion - CR

                                                        populace africka - azandica (J. A. Allen, 1924) - lev severokonzsky - North East Congo Lion

                                                                                  - senegalensis (Meyer, 1826) - lev zapadoafricky, lev senegalsky - Western African Lion

                      P. l. melanochaita (Smith, 1942) - lev jihoafricky, lev kapsky - Southern African Lion - VU (EX v r. 1860 jako  P. l. melanochaita)

                      Synonyma, drive ssp.: bleyenberghi (Lonnberg, 1916) - lev konzsky - Katanga

                                                        krugeri (Roberts, 1929) - lev jihoafricky - South African Lion

                                                        nubica (de Blainville, 1843) - lev vychodoafricky - East African Lion

Species          Panthera onca (Linnaeus, 1758) - jaguar brazilsky - Jaguar - NT

                      Synonyma, drive ssp.:  arizonensis (Goldman, 1932) - jaguar arizonsky - EX, 

                                                         centralis (Mearns, 1901) - jaguar stredoamericky

                                                         goldmani (Mearns, 1901) - jaguar yucatansky

                                                         hernandesii (Gray, 1857) - jaguar mexicky

                                                         palustris (Ameghino, 1888) - jaguar jizni

                                                         paraguensis Hollister, 1914 - jaguar paraguaysky

                                                         peruviana (de Blainville, 1843) - jaguar peruansky

                                                         veraecrucis (Nelson et Goldman, 1933) - jaguar texasky

Species          Panthera pardus (Linnaeus, 1758) - levhart - Leopard - VU

Subspecies     P. p. delacouri Pocock, 1930 - levhart indocinsky

                      P. p. fusca (Meyer, 1794) - levhart indicky

                      P. p. japonensis (Gray, 1862) - levhart cinsky - EN

                      P. p. kotiya Deraniyagala, 1956 - levhart cejlonsky - EN

                      P. p. melas (Cuvier, 1809) - levhart javsky - EN

                      P. p. nimr (Hemprich et Ehrenberg, 1833) - levhart arabsky - CR

                      P. p. orientalis (Schlegel, 1857) - levhart mandzusky - CR

                      P. p. pardus (Linnaeus, 1758) - levhart africky

                      P. p. saxicolor Pocock, 1927 - levhart persky - EN

Species          Panthera tigris (Linnaeus, 1758) - tygr - Tiger - EN

Subspecies     P. t. sondaica (Temminck, 1844) - tygr javsky - EX (1980s) jako sondaica  - Mazak et Groves (2006) jako samostatný druh.

                      Synonyma, drive ssp.: balica (Schwarz, 1912) - tygr balijsky- EX (1940s)

                                                        sumatrae Pocock, 1929 - tygr sumatersky - CR

                      P. t. tigris (Linnaeus, 1758) - tygr asijsky, tygr indicky

                      Synonyma, drive ssp.: altaica (Temminck, 1844) - tygr ussurijsky - CR                               

                                                        amoyensis (Hilzheimer, 1915) - tygr cinsky - CR

                                                        corbetti Mazak, 1968 - tygr indocinsky

                                                        jacksoni Luo et al., 2004 - tygr malajsky      

                                                        virgata (Illiger, 1815) - tygr turansky - EX   

Species          Panthera uncia (Schreber, 1775) - irbis, levhart snezny - Snow Leopard - VU - nekdy v rode Uncia Gray, 1854

Subspecies     P. u. uncia (Schreber, 1775)

                      P. u. uncioides (Horsfield, 1855)

 

 

                      Jiri Pavlu, e-mail: pavlu.monkey@seznam.cz, posledni aktualizace stranky 20. 2. 2021.